Suppose company A wants to create a subsidiary to manage its real estate. The subsidiary, Company B LLC, registers with the State and indicates that it is wholly owned by Company A. If you want to include LLCs and other non-companies, it seems best to refer to the subsidiary instead. Finally, it is quite easy to find court decisions relating to LLCs as subsidiaries of another company. See z.B. In re Owens Corning, 419 F.3d 195, 200 (3d Cir. 2005) (« OCD and its subsidiaries (including limited liability companies and limited liability companies) form a multinational group. »). Note that, in the context of the contract between the parties, the contractual definition of the subsidiary takes precedence over a legal definition. In other words, using the same terminology, a draft treaty may well intend to apply a different approach.
So don`t try to correct the other party`s lawyer when constructing a concept that is also defined differently by current law (unless you want to impose another standard within the scope of the contract). The key question is usually whether or not a lower level of « control » over the other party`s operations can allow that company to benefit from the agreement (or conversely, whether « uncontrolled » companies are subject to contractual restrictions within a party`s group structure). A parent company does not need to be the largest or most « powerful » entity; It`s possible that the parent company is smaller than a subsidiary like DanJaq, a tightly run family business that controls Eon Productions, the large company that runs the James Bond franchise. Conversely, the parent company may be larger than some or all of its subsidiaries (if it has more than one), the relationship being defined by the control of ownership shares and not by the number of employees. The second definition is broader. According to point 1162 of the Companies Act 2006, a parent undertaking is a parent undertaking in respect of another undertaking, a subsidiary, if: The main problem with subsidiaries is that it can cause confusion as to the type of undertaking a subsidiary may be. The control can be carried out directly (e.g. .B. a chief parent company directly or indirectly controls the first-level subsidiary (e.g. B an over-the-top parent company indirectly controls the second and lower level of subsidiaries through first-tier subsidiaries). A branch is normally defined as a separate site within the company, such as the Pittsburgh branch of a company headquartered in New York City. A department is part of a company with a specific activity, for example.
B the asset management department of a larger financial services company. However, we are also concerned that we need separate framework contracts with each subsidiary for each supplier in order to maintain separation/distinction for corporate sails, company best practices and other purposes. Have you ever encountered this problem and, if so, how did you approach it? The broader definition of « subsidiary » applies to the accounting rules of the Companies Act, 2006, while the definition of « subsidiary » is used for general purposes.  Subsidiaries. Although European company directives have clearly defined the concept of subsidiary (and related company), large transaction agreements often provide for a contractual definition. . . .